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October Birthstone Tourmaline & Opal Sale - 20% OFF All Tourmaline & Opal Gems and Jewelry - Use Coupon Code "october-2017"
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Hi Marc, I have received the ring! It is very well made and gorgeous!! Love the sapphire from you!! Thank you so much for the time and patience!! I would have love it to be bigger, but with the budget I guess this is probably one that I should be glad. Still I am very happy with the overall colour and clarity of the gemstone!! It does exhibit different saturation under different lighting. Most importantly the cut is great!! Attached a few pics taken by mobile phone under shelter in daylight. Thank you once again! Will definitely recommend you to any of my peers if they need gemstones purchases! Jordan W. of Singapore (bought loose sapphire and custom ring)

Marc, The aquamarine stone arrived today. It is truly an exceptional stone. As a collector for the last 14 years, I never thought I would be able to get to own an aqua with such saturation that I could afford. Again, it is a pleasure doing business with you. Best regards, Ted K of Totowna NJ (bought super gem aquamarine stone)

Marc - thank you very much. I cannot tell you how much it means to me for you to go to the effort. Tomorrow is my girlfriend's birthday, and I hope to give it to her at lunch - a special lunch, of course. She loves stones of all kinds, precious and semi-precious. I see stones and I think they're nice, and pretty. But she sees something else, something connected to the Earth, to history, and all things like that. She can stare at the stone for hours. Which, hopefully, she'll do it tomorrow at lunch. Thank you once again for saving me in the last moment. Royston T. of canoga park, CA (bought loose blue sapphire)

No problem at all Marc, These things happen. I really can't speak highly enough of the service you have provided considering the distance. All the best. Jake P of London UK (bought custom green beryl ring)

Hi Marc, Thanks very much for all your help. Finally managed to get a good look at the stone, whilst not perfect, I do love the imperfections! The little swirl in the middle - great stuff. Not sure if there's anything required from my end to complete the sale, would like to get to this to the goldsmiths to be set. Once again, thanks so much - it'll certainly make one girl very happy. Regards, Mike W from Singapore (bought blue sapphire gemstone)

Thank you for everything Marc. I received the FedEx this morning, the stone is beautiful. It's exactly what I wanted for my wife's birthday! All the numbers look good to me. Again I am very impressed with your gems and your customer service. My daughter is already thinking about what she might like for her 16th birthday! All the best, Dave A from Lafayette LA (bought aquamarine studs)

Hi Marc, Thank you, got it. She loves it, and said yes!:) Cheers, Jadel M from Vancouver Canada (bought topaz ring)

Hey Marc Merry Christmas. Just want to thank you for the timely delivery. Lisa adores the earrings and ring and couldn't be happier.They both display quality and beauty, needless to say I'm happy as well. Thank You Ryan S from Peoria IL (bought various custom jewelry)

Hi Marc, I just got home from work and my husband said, Come look. On the window sill in its box was the Blue Zircon. It had just arrived. The invoice and certificate arrived yesterday. How absolutely beautiful, it’s all that I was looking for!!! I love the color and the cut. Is this a step cut? Anyway, I just love it and so does my husband. I really appreciate your expertise and your patience in helping me make this choice. I did look at other sites, but something told me to stick with you and I’m so happy that I did. P.S. My husband, Gary also said that if you ever think of renaming your company, his suggestion is STUNNING GEMS! I second that and will highly recommend AFRICAGEMS to others. All the best to you and your company. Brenda H. of Boston MA (bought loose blue zircon)

Marc, Received the spinel today and was very impressed. Although I do own some spinel, nothing in my collection has the eye-popping color of this stone. I say this knowing that pink isn't necessarily my first choice as a color for a colored gemstone. It will make a nice addition to my collection. Ted K. of Pasadena CA (bought loose pink spinel)

I received my ring today and am absolutely delighted with the colour of the stone and the sizing is nearly as wonderful. Thank you so very much! Sonja C. of Charlotte NC (bought loose aquamarine)

Marc, the ring is amazing! Thank you for everything. The stone is truly incredible. Take care and I will certainly share your information whenever I get the opportunity. Mike B of Detroit MI (bought custom aquamarine ring)

Thank you very much for the work you put into our order, I gotta tell you I've had a blast playing around with the different features of your website, designing different rings and such. Your website is merchandised pretty good. Tracie loves the rings the ruby has got a real good glow out in the sunlight and the spinel looks wonderful in its mount. The only real problem is the chain on the necklace it came terribly tangled and me thinks we just made it worse but no biggie we had an extra chain. Overall very pleased with order. Thanks J. Sitton of Baton Rouge LA (bought 2 custom rings)

Yellow sapphire received. I must say I expected the comment about it being very diamond looking to be a bit of exaggeration that tends to occur with sapphire, but it is exactly that, yet unique in its brilliance and flash. I am very pleased with the stone and moved to send a compliment. John H of Indiana PA (bought yellow sapphire loose gem)

My ring arrived yesterday. It is beautiful. I've been running around the house looking for different light sources to view the colour change under. Thank you so much for your help and patience. I hope I have the opportunity to purchase another item from you again sometime. Jacquie A. of Vancover CA (bought custom alexandrite ring)

Hi Marc, My little diamond has just arrived safely by FedEx and it looks beautiful, thank you so much. It's as white as I hoped it would be and the bow tie isn't that obvious because of the size of the stone, I imagine. I'm now going to have the pleasure of thinking up a setting for him. Thank you very much, I'm delighted. I think I'm going to have to keep looking in your discounted stones section! Best wishes, Lynn M of Sufflock UK (bought loose diamond)

Hi Marc, I just wanted to thank you so much for everything you've done for us with the whole ring processes. I proposed to my girlfriend on Friday, and she beyond loved the ring. Everything came out perfectly, the sapphire is stunning, and the ring was set beautifully. Thanks again! Sincerely, Lukasz S. of Chicago IL (bought loose blue sapphire & custom ring)

Hi Marc, My gem has finally arrived and it is fabulous! The colour is exactly what I had hoped it would be.... Resembling sunset and lotus flower. I inspected the packaging and nothing appears to have been tampered with... I was getting concerned but looks like all is ok. My plan is to take the pad to a local gemologist to verify and then on to Designing a ring setting. This is a retirement gift to myself .... My last day at work is just before hopefully the ring will be ready by then. When it's done I will send you some pictures. Thank you for all your support thru this crazy process...although I've not met you I feel like I've known you for some time. I greatly appreciate your awesome Communication with me. I love the gem! Thank you Daria L of Ontario CA (bought loose padparadscha sapphire)

Marc, my ring has just arrived. I am over the moon. It is so beautiful. Thank you and your colleagues so very much. I am hoping it will bring me luck over the coming months as I am off the hospital this afternoon to find out about my operation for breast cancer. I'm sure it will help to protect me. Thank you, once again, for your brilliant contribution to my life. Warm regards, Shoosh S. of Birmingham UK (bought custom pink sapphire ring)

Hi Marc, This is Amazing! I've never experienced such fast shipping! I was noticed on a Wednesday that my items had been shipped, and on already on the following Monday I had the parcel at home! From US to Sweden in Europe! The Tanzanites I ordered are perfectly just what I requested! Thank you very much Marc! This means a lot for me! I will for sure recommend you further and come back for more orders! Wish you a nice day! Best regards, Queenie H. of Stockholm Sweden (bought loose tanzanites)

Hi Marc, I received my ring today. It fits perfectly, the color of the topaz is beautiful! I almost wish I had chosen a larger stone. Thank you, Mary A. of Modesto CA (bought a swiss blue topaz gold ring)

Cardy was AMAZING! It took 45 minutes. Everyone warned me that I would be without my ring for weeks, and you helped me get away from that. You have been extremely responsive and fantastic for all of this. I really appreciate you, and DEFINITELY would recommend you to anyone I can. You are very much running your business very well. Not to mention, my ring is beautiful!!! Exactly what I wanted. Katie F. of San Francisco CA (bought alexandrite engagement ring)

Hi Marc, I got my ring yesterday.. love it! Looks great! I like the way the prongs are done and the ruby is beautiful! Thanks, Brigitte L. (bought Chatham Ruby and AfricaGems made the ring)

Dear Marc, I have a confession to make. I lost my original engagement ring, a Stuller setting for an asscher cut and a cushion Chatham Sapphire. I wanted a ring that looked close to that original one. You made it happen! Actually, your mil grain work and stone setting was better than the original which was off centered. Thank you. Regards, Christine Y (bought Chatham Blue Sapphire and we made the ring)

Marc, Received the stone. It’s beautiful! We now have a new place to order stones from and feel confident in the quality! Thank You, Clayton M. (bought loose pink tourmaline gem)

Hi Marc, Thank you, I received the stone on Wednesday as you indicated. I appreciate the quick turn around time. Pleasure doing business with you and your site will be one of my top gem shopping sites after this business experience. I did enjoy the extra haribo snack. Thank you once again, Danny C. (bought a round 1 carat loose blue sapphire for engagement ring)

First diamonds are in the mail. Had gone away for a week and nobody at home dropped the mail in the box. Apologies. Picked up my pendant with the new ones and they look beautiful. My next purchase will be emeralds...Thanks, Marc. Li B (bought and exchanged enhanced blue diamonds)

Hi Marc, The bracelet arrived this morning and as you said it looks stunning and I know she will love it. Could you please send a Cert of Authenticity (Similar to the one sent for the 2 loose stones) and a full invoice for the total amount for insurance purposes at my end. If you need to send copies by post please send to, Alan H. (bought a tanzanite bracelet)

Hi Marc, I just wanted to say how delighted I was to receive the Tanzanite bracelet for Christmas. I understand from my husband, Alan, that you were extremely helpful with the making of the bracelet, it sounds like it caused a few problems at times, not least due to Alans bank! I just wanted to let you know that I am thrilled with the bracelet, the stones are beautiful and it looks lovely, so thank you for all your help! I hope you and your family had a good Christmas and very best wishes for a healthy, happy New Year. Kind regards, Sue H. (husband bought tanzanite bracelet)

Hi Marc, I just received the opal and it is gorgeous, as always I am very pleased with my purchase. I was looking at different pendants, it's a Christmas present for my daughter. I saw a multi-gem one that I liked. Item pendant 650870s. Should I order it on line or could you just do it. Also will you extend the 25 off discount on that item? Again, thanks for all your help,Terese U. (bought stunning loose black opal gem)

Good Afternoon Marc, Thank you so much selling me this amazing stone, I can assure you it will be well loved. I thought you might enjoy how much people love the blue spinel you sold me. I posted a few photos on PS last night and will likely post more in the next few days. Again thank you, I really do love it and I am wearing it even as I type this! Katherine S. (bought large blue spinel gemstone)

My wifes stone got here this morning. She was in awe of how gorgeous a stone it was. It is replacing a stone in a ring that was stolen and in our opinion we think it is even nicer than the stone it replaced. Once set we will be whole again lol. Again thank you for having the stone available and for you call concerning shipping. We will certainly recommend you to any of our friends who are looking for QUALITY stones. Doc Mc (bought loose oval padparadscha gemstone)

Hi Marc- just wanted to thank you for finding the 4.4mm size for me, and also for the quick refund on the 4mm. So glad I found your website! Cristy S. (bought loose white sapphires)

Hi Marc, I just want to say thank you so much! The pendant is so beautiful..well done! The bale also fits perfectly. I have a question about the negative ions created by can one just wear it to experience the negative ions or does there have to be pressure applied to release the negative ions? I'm just curious. Thank you Dawn T (bought custom tourmaline pendant)

Marc, The ring arrrived yesterday and it is gorgeous! Thank you so much for creating the perfect piece with this sapphire. This ring will become an heirloom. Henry G (bought custom spessartite garnet ring)

Marc, Thank you so much! You may have thought it took longer than expected but we thought it was quite expedient. Thank you for continually confirming for us our decision to purchase from Africa Gems. This has been a wonderful transaction. We'll be here all day so as soon as it arrives I'll let you know. Happy Valentine's Day, Jennefer P of San Deigo CA (bought custom emerald ring & band)

I'll put them in the mail today. I want you to know that I really appreciate how amenable you have been. Your A+ rating is exactly right. I will continue to do business with you when I have other needs. My sister has also been checking out the site for sapphires based on the excellent service I received. Thanks again, Jim W.of Bangor MI (bought loose emeralds)

Will do! I'm in Denver on business until Saturday. I'll get it shipped out ASAP upon my return - next Monday most likely. Thank you for all of your help. Especially your guarantee and return policy. Made purchasing the gem online much more comfortable. Ironically, my jeweler also loosely knew your father and had a very good opinion of him. Thanks again Marc! Doug M from Camarillo CA (bought loose blue sapphire)

Marc, Your fantastic customer service makes it easy to support AfricaGems! Looking forward to surprising my wife with the Onyx ring. Regards, Michael S. from Boise ID (bought onyx diamond pendant)

Hi Marc, So far I'm very happy with the sapphire I purchased. My plan is to mount it in a tanzanite ring that I have (the tanzanite is very light in color and I've never been happy with it which is a surprise since it's also a Levian purchase). The setting has two sides with the stone suspended in between. I think the light will catch it magnificently! Thanks for checking on my order! Rita K. from Garland TX (bought Chatham emerald stone)

Hi Marc, Just to let you know that the stone was delivered today. Pitty it is dark now so can not see the true stae, but I am happy to see it here with the certs!I hope to do business with you again in the future! Thank you for you help, patience, Regards Wim D. of Dubai (bought loose oval alexandrite)

the rings have arrived they are absolutely stuning ! i thank you with all my heart and i pay no duties thanks to you THANK YOU VERY MUCH I HAVE NO WORDS TO THANKS !! Mencaglia A of Bucharest Romania (bought two blue topaz diamond rings)

Dear Marc, I just received the four turquoise gemstones that I had ordered. They are beautiful. I am very happy with the quality and will be ordering some more gemstones soon.Thanks Baljinder K. (bought loose turquoise gems)

Marc, I just wanted to let you know that I received the ring today and it’s beautiful, she’s gonna love it! Thank you again for all you’ve done. I was concerned about ordering something liker this over the internet but you’ve made this entire process very easy and your communication with me has been outstanding. Everything was exactly as you described it…perfect! David M. of Atlanta GA (bought custom Alexandrite diamond ring)

Tourmaline - Other
Gorgeous Loose Tourmaline Gems for Sale by AfricaGems - Paraiba - Rubelite - Chrome - Pink - Fancy Color - Blue Green - Parti Color - Cuprian - Bi Color and More for Sale with FREE SHIPPING
29 Available
Bi Color
Bi Color
12 Available
Fancy Color
Fancy Color
8 Available
12 Available
Multi Color
Multi Color
2 Available
See The Quality of Tourmalines That AfricaGems Offers - Incredible Quality Loose Tourmaline

New!! Fantastic Selection of a Variety of Tourmaline Gemstones
AfricaGems has just received an amazing collection of the finest quality Rubelite, Blue Green, Green, and Pink Tourmaline gemstones. These sought after stones display high levels of clarity, skillful cuts, as well as jaw-dropping color and brilliance. Perfect for any custom jewelry creation, you'll find something for every flavor in this shipment. With terrific prices, these guys can't be beat! Be sure to check out the new Tourmaline Matched Pairs as we just received many sets of glorious gems just waiting to be set into your ideal pair of earrings!AfricaGems = Finest Tourmaline Collection Available Anywhere
The size and quality of this incredible natural tourmaline collection is really unprecedented. We have just brought into our tourmaline gemstone inventory over 200 additional super fine quality loose tourmaline gemstones in the following color types; Green Tourmalines - Blue-Green Tourmalines - Fancy Colored Tourmalines. These new loose tourmalines have been selected for
meaning that none of these gems appear inky or have dark areas, even in the lowest lighting conditions which is rare in tourmalines.
The quality of the cutting is top notch. You won't see bulgy or lumpy tourmalines here. All of these gems have very good to excellent proportions which excellent facet alignment and polish.
All of our special tourmaline gems are of good sizes, with many being in the sweet spot for perfect ring sized gems.**NEW** Spectacular Array of Fine Pink, Rubelite, and Blue Green Tourmaline Natural Gemstones
A magnificent collection of finest quality Pink Tourmaline, Rubelite Tourmaline, and Blue Green Tourmaline genuine gemstones has just arrived here at AfricaGems. These luscious gems display breath-taking beauty, eye-catching color, and impeccable, skillful cuts. We’ve also received several extremely well-matched pairs in glorious shades of Blue Green, Pink, and Pinkish Red. These fabulous gems will make a happy addition to any custom jewelry creation. Come check out our new inventory today!**Just In** Gorgeous Array of Green Tourmaline Loose Gems and Matched Pairs
AfricaGems has just received a selection of the finest quality Green Tourmaline gemstones. This new colection boasts many gems perfect for your ideal custom jewelry creation including some larger stones perfect for pendants and rings as well dazzling matched pairs ideal for earrings. These Brazilian beauties boast high clarity ratings as well as excellent, skilled cuts and sought after shapes. With a range of light, medium, and deep green tone, there is a gem for every color palate! Enjoy this fine collection! New!! Fantastic Assortment of Chrome and Bi Color Tourmaline Gemstones
A stunning array of finest quality Chrome and Bi Color Tourmaline Gemstones have just arrived at AfricaGems. These magnificent gemstones display high clarity rating, superb levels of brilliance, as well as fabulous color and shape. With sought after shapes and cuts, these gems are sure to steal the show. Our new Chrome Tourmalines display dazzling grassy and forest green hues, bright with internal light. The fascinating Bi Color Tourmalines proudly boast their unique dual color appearance. With a range of prices for every budget, you're sure to find something for your ideal piece of jewelry. We have some serious show stoppers here-- Enjoy!
NEW!!!! Extraordinary Fine Loose Tourmaline Gemstones Just Added!
Check out Our New Shipment of Hundreds of Free Sized Tourmalines. We added amazing some incredible quality tourmaline stones in blue green tourmaline, pink tourmaline, red tourmaline, bi color tourmalines and green tourmalines. In addition we have also added some spectacular fine matched pairs in pink, red and green tourmaline varieties. Natural Tourmaline Gemstones like Bronze, Earth, Golden and Olive Tourmaline. Make sure to check out Paraiba Tourmaline, Chrome Tourmaline and Pink Tourmaline gemstone sections to see the New beautiful gemstones that we just added. Pick out a discount loose Tourmaline for your dream jewelry.

**Just IN!** Highest Quality Beautiful Blue Tourmaline Gemstones
AfricaGems has just received a stellar collection of vivid Blue Tourmaline loose gemstones and matched pairs. These faceted beauties hail mainly from Afganistan and Africa. With gorgeous shades of seafoam blue to shimmering sky blue, these masterpieces of nature leave little to be desired. Whether you are shopping for that perfect center stone, or a magnificent pair to set into your ideal earrings, there is something for you here at AfricaGems! All of these new additions boast clarity ratings of Eye Clean Plus and are cut to impeccable standards. Enjoy!

The Wonderful Gemstone Called Tourmaline
Tourmaline is truly a magical mystical gemstone. Tourmaline is a gemstone species that comes naturally in the most colors and nuances of colors, more than any other gemstone, except perhaps diamond. It can even be found with multiple colors in one gemstone. That is hard to top and it makes tourmaline an exceptional gemstone. Like garnet, tourmaline is actually a family of gemstones. And like garnet it has been under appreciated until fairly recently; the definition of recently in this case is the 20th and 21st centuries and even then, it wasn’t until the latter part of the 20th century that tourmaline became a gemstone for more than the gemstone connoisseur or wealthy collector.History of The Tourmaline Gemstone
Obviously, tourmaline has been hanging around in the earth’s crust for millions of years. There have been references to it for thousands of years dating back to ancient Egypt. Imagine if you will tourmaline gemstones exported from Sri Lanka to the kingdom of King Solomon. Perfect Mint Green Tourmaline 15 carat Loose Tourmaline Gemstone There is some evidence to suggest that happened. There is also some evidence that tourmaline adorned the crown of the Queen of Sheba. The likeness of Alexander the Great has been found carved in tourmaline dating back to around the second or third century B.C. Starting around 1703 tourmaline was imported by Dutch East India Company into Europe.Russian crown jewels were adorned with red tourmalines instead of rubies. Some were originally thought to be ruby but we now know they are tourmaline. What a wonderful testament to rubelite tourmalines. It is said that in the early 1900s the Empress Dowager Tz'u Hsi, the last Empress of China, was such a lover of pink tourmaline that she imported it from California, from the Himalaya Mine. Some believe that she had a pillow carved out of pink tourmaline on which her head would rest for all eternity. It is said she was buried covered in diamonds and with her pink tourmaline pillow in 1908. The ancient Chinese carved tourmaline into figurines and even carved it into exquisite intricate snuff bottles.Black tourmaline became popular for a time in Victorian mourning jewelry and it was sometimes used in place of jet or chalcedony.Through thousands of years green tourmaline was often thought to be emerald and red tourmaline was often thought to be ruby. It wasn’t until the invention of chemical analysis that we began to understand the complexity of tourmaline. Believe it or not, we are still discovering new colors of tourmaline. The late 1900s brought new discoveries of new colors of tourmaline to the marketplace.So where did the name tourmaline come from? Most will attribute the name to the Sinhalese word “tora malli” (turmali) which referred to any yellow, green or brown stone and literally means "something out of the earth". Exactly when that translation of the Sinhalese word happened is not completely clear.Tourmaline Lore, Mystical Properties and “New” Uses
Besides being some of the most beautiful of gemstones in the world, tourmaline has some unique properties. Through the ages, most gemstones have beenVery Rare Paraiba Tourmaline Loose Gemstone ascribed properties for healing or empowerment or protection. The interesting thing is scientists are finding that tourmaline really does have properties that actually can benefit us scientifically, industrial and technologically.When tourmaline is heated or by applying pressure by vigorously rubbing it gets “charged”. The methods of charging a tourmaline are known as pyroelectricty and piezoelectricity respectively. One end of the stone will show a positive charge and the other a negative. What is fascinating is that the polarity will change as the stone cools. The very first reference to the pyroelectric effect may be found in the writings of Theophrastus in 314BC. He noted that tourmaline attracted bits of straw and ash when heated. This discovery faded into obscurity for centuries. It is believed that this strange characteristic was re-discovered by a few Dutch jewelers heating gemstones to test their hardness.After the heating the jewelers noticed the stones attracted or repelled the fire’s ashes. An unusual use of the gemstone came from that discovery, using them to pull the ashes from their meerschaum pipes. Tourmalines were called aschentrekker (ash puller) and it seems that name stuck and became the proper name for the gemstone for a period of time. The scientific fascination with tourmaline’s unusual properties didn’t end with pulling ashes from pipes. In the mid-1700s, Benjamin Franklin used tourmaline in some of his experiments in the then unexplored field of electricity. And that was just the beginning of the fascinating uses for tourmaline. Slices of tourmaline were used in earlier polariscopes which were used to identify optic character of gemstones being evaluated and helping to identify what type of gemstone they were evaluating. It has been used in the calibration of manometers (a type of pressure measuring instrument), in sonar and in piezoelectric transducers.For thousands of years tourmaline has had many metaphysical uses. It is supposed to improve circulation, reduce stress, breakup energy blockages, clear up confusion, expand ones thinking, help with emotional healing loss and more. Depending on the color of the tourmaline, it is supposed to protect against negativity, bring peace, balance and emotional purification. To say nothing of assisting in energizing the central nervous system and help with problems with the lungs.These old beliefs may not be far off. Tourmaline gives off negative ions and far infrared rays (invisible waves of energy) as part of its electric “personality” and many believe that these properties are beneficial to humans. Think about how peaceful you can be when sitting next to a waterfall or when watching the ocean waves crashing on the shore. There have been studies done that indicate that people benefit from the negative ions created by the action of water pounding on the shore or falling on the rocks. Studies also indicate that negative ions can help relieve depression. Far infrared rays are invisible waves of energy that may help increase blood flow and a may evenBest Quality Paraiba Tourmaline Custom Set White Gold Diamond Pendant help remove toxins from the blood. Positive ions create free radicals which can be harmful to our health but tourmaline converts moisture in the air into negative ions thereby negating the free radicals. Because of tourmalines ability to create negative ions and far infrared ray, crushed tourmaline has uses in everything from hairdryers and hair styling brushes (yes it really helps makes hair silky and shiny) to clothes to wear to bedding products and tourmaline is even used to filter water by negatively ionizing it. All these uses apply the external energy or heat needed to cause the tourmaline to generate negative ions and far infrared rays.Tourmaline Gemstone Types and Colors
What is your favorite color? Chances are very good that you can find a tourmaline in that color. Supposedly there is an old Egyptian legend that the tourmaline was on a journey to the sun which began at the center of the earth and while on its journey to the sun, it traveled along a rainbow and gathered all the colors. Many still refer to it as the “gemstone of the rainbow”. And what a “rainbow” of colors from which one can select .Tourmaline comes in pink to red to purple, in blue, green, brown, yellow, black and even two or three colors in one gemstone. It can be found with one color at one end of the gemstone and different color at the other end. These are known as bicolor tourmaline. There are even gemstones tri-color gemstones. If the crystal is cut in a “slice” rather than parallel to the long axis of the crystal, one can get a gemstone that resembles a slice of watermelon with a green “rind” that transitions into a pink center, just like its namesake. Then there are multi color (a.k.a. parti color) tourmalines can have a dazzling variety of colors, green, red, gold, yellow, brown, and pinks all in the same gemstone and that have to been seen for one to appreciate how spectacular they are.The tourmaline family currently has 14 members but not all are suitable for use in jewelry. The base of the family is crystal boron silicate which Mother Nature mixed with a variety of elements like chromium, aluminium, magnesium, lithium, etc. It remains unknown if other members of the family will discovered in the future.Tourmaline Types Used in Jewelry
Dravite can be brown, orange, yellowish brown or if it contains chromium or vanadium it can be one of the most beautiful emerald green colors. Dravite was originally named in 1883 or 1884 for the Drava river area which is now part of the Republic of Slovenia. The name is now Unique Dravite Tourmaline & Diamond Gold Ring showing Ultra Gem High Quality Dravite Gemstone used for all brown tourmaline. Brown dravite is relatively rare and usually does not come in large gemstone sizes. Green dravite gets its exquisite color from chromium or vanadium but it is called chrome dravite or chrome tourmaline no matter which element (chrome or vanadium) causes the green color. Chrome dravite is often confused with its green elbaite tourmaline cousin so a gemological report should always be requested if you purchase a chrome tourmaline (dravite).Elbaite can be almost any color or combination of colors. Elbaite comes in green, blue, brown, multicolored, purple, pink, red and more but rarely colorless. While colors such as red (known as Rubelite) have been around for centuries, some colors are new and exciting. For example, copper bearing Paraiba tourmaline was not discovered until the 1980s and what a wonderful discovery it was. It was first discovered in Brazil in the state of Paraiba and immediately became a hit in the gemstone world shortly after it was introduced at the annual Tucson, Arizona gem show in 1990. Heretofore tourmaline in the bright turquoise or blue green or neon blue color was unknown. Paraiba type tourmaline has since been discovered in Mozambique. Logically they are known as African Paraiba. The color saturation in the African Paraiba is a little lighter but they make up for that by being available in larger carat weights. Multi or parti color tourmalines were introduced to the world in the fall of 1997. They came from a mine that produces fine bi color, pink, rubelite and raspberry tourmaline so it almost makes sense that Mother Nature would swirl those colors together and throw in a little yellow, and brown for good measure.Liddicoatite can be blue, brown, green, multicolored, purple or red. Most bi-color / tri-color tourmaline is liddicoatite although some might be elbaitie. That would have to be determined by gemological analysis. Probably the most well know of the liddicoatite family would be watermelon tourmaline. You probably won’t find watermelon tourmaline in most jewelry stores. As beautiful as it can be, it seems to remain a collectors’ gemstone.Schorl is the black or gray color of tourmaline. While it did enjoy a brief surge of popularity in the Victorian era, it is not normally found in jewelry today. Currently schorl is mostly used for engravings.Tourmaline Gemstone Family Tree Tourmaline Gemstone Evaluation and Valuation
Because tourmaline comes in so many different types and colors, evaluating one can be a little more difficult. One thing to keep in mind when evaluating any tourmaline is to make sure you look at it in daylight and in incandescent lighting. Tourmaline is known a daylight gemstone, meaning it shows the best color in daylight. When viewed under incandescent lighting some tourmalines may a delightful green gemstone may appear almost black in incandescent lighting or a pink or red tourmaline may show either gray or brown. Tourmalines that do not display those tendencies under incandescent lighting are the true “rock stars” of the tourmaline world.Cut – The cut and the “make” are extremely important when evaluating a tourmaline. Tourmaline is dichroic which means the color may be different or more or less intense depending on the angle of viewing. The gemstone cutter really must know how to work with a tourmaline to get the best out of it.Hue – The hue of the tourmaline will absolutely depend on the type and color of tourmaline. As a general rule, one should be looking at a 70% to 75% hue of the primary color of the gemstones with the total secondaryExtreme Quality Red Tourmaline Set White Gold Diamond Ring hue at no more than 30%. For example, a chrome dravite should have forest green primary hues with yellow to blue as the secondary hue. The yellow hue will show most in daylight but the blue hue will show most in incandescent light.Saturation – The saturation will very much depend on the type and color. As a general rule a color saturation of between 70% and 80% will be optimum. Using chrome dravite as an example, a dark grey or black mask can be seen if the saturation is over 80%. Saturation under 70% will be less desirable as the gemstone will be more pastel and not the vivid lively green you want in a chrome dravite.Tone – The tone will depend on the color and type of tourmaline under consideration. For example, the best tone for a Paraiba type tourmaline is 45% to 65% while the best tone for a green tourmaline is between 70% and 80% and the best tone for a red tourmaline is about 80%. And the tone for a bi, tri or multi (parti) color tourmaline can be even more complicated to grade.Carat Weight – Given the range of types of tourmaline, there is no general rule on size and pricing. Some tourmalines are available mostly in smaller sizes yet sizes in other colors are more readily available in 10+ carat sizes.Clarity – Tourmaline covers all three gemstone types. For example, green tourmaline is usually graded a Type I (usually eye clean).Blue, orange, yellow, multi-color (other than watermelon) and some pinks are usually graded as a Type II clarity gemstone. Red, pink and watermelon tourmaline is usually graded as a Type III gemstone (inclusions are to be expected). More Tourmaline Evaluation Information
Mohs Scale – Tourmaline is rated as a 7 to 7.5 on the Mohs scale of hardness meaning they are very suitable for daily wear. As with all gemstones, it is best to avoid hard knocks.Treatments – Historically, tourmaline has not been normally treated but some colors are now being heat treated or subject to very low levels of irradiation. These treatments should not great affect the value of the gemstone. You should always ask your gemstone dealer.Gem Report - A buyer who is considering the purchase of a loose tourmaline gemstone should request a professional gemological report in order to help them know exactly what they are purchasing. Grading reports may be shown using a numerical value and / or percent or be given an overall letter (B thru AAA to GEM) and description "grade" for the clarity and color - it will depend on with which laboratory the gemologist trained. There are several recognized laboratories like Gemological Institute of America (GIA - uses the numerical scale), International Gemological Institute (IGI), International Gem Society (IGS), European Gemological Center (EGC) and more.Imposters and Synthetics – Laboratory created tourmaline is not widely available.Clarity – all three types – green – type I - most tourmaline – type II – rubelite – watermelon – type IIIBe sure to see AfricaGems vast selection of unique, individual Tourmaline rings and Tourmaline pendants.
Resources & References for Tourmaline Gemstones
Learn More About Genuine Tourmaline Gems
Learn More About Genuine Tourmaline Stones from the ICA

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